Coherent excitation of magnons is conventionally achieved through Raman scattering processes, in which the difference-frequency components of the driving field are resonant with the magnon energy. Here, we describe mechanisms by which the sum-frequency components of the driving field can be used to coherently excite magnons through two-particle absorption processes. We use the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert formalism to compare the spin-precession amplitudes that different types of impulsive stimulated and ionic Raman scattering processes and their sum-frequency counterparts induce in an antiferromagnetic model system. We show that sum-frequency mechanisms enabled by linearly polarized driving fields yield excitation efficiencies comparable or larger than established Raman techniques, while elliptical polarizations produce only weak and circularly polarizations no sum-frequency components at all. The mechanisms presented here complete the map for dynamical spin control by the means of Raman-type processes.

Last updated on 03/04/2021